After the Kalinga war, and after his conversion to Buddhism, King Asoka wanted to give his people a little happiness. His Buddhist teacher advised him to convert his people to Buddhism and live a strict moral life. Asoka said, ‘For myself, I will follow Buddha’s precepts, but for my people, I will forget all references to sex and alcohol. I will not quarrel with their little pleasures. My aim is to give them happiness, and to help them notice their behavior that brings them grief. I want them to live by a few simple rules. Only when they come to value life, they’ll see that happiness is possible.’

He announced his domestic policy:  All men are my children. Just as I desire for my children that they should obtain welfare and happiness both in this world and the next, the same I desire for all men. In the Council he declared, “No child, no man or woman should die of sickness for want of medical care in this land.” His Army went to work and hospitals for men and for animals sprang up throughout the empire, even beyond his borders, as described in an Pillar Inscription:
Everywhere in the empire of the Beloved of the Gods, the King Piyadassi, and even the lands on its frontiers– those of the Colas, Pandyas, Satyaputras, Keralputras and as far as Ceylon; and of the Greek King named Antiochus, and of those kings who are neighbors of that Antiochus; everywhere the two medical services of the Beloved of the Gods, the King Piyadassi, have been provided. These consist of the medical care of man and the care of animals. Medicinal herbs, whether useful to man or to beast, have been brought and planted wherever they did not grow; similarly roots and fruit have been brought and planted…’